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PROCEEDINGS

Or THE

SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON

FOR THE YEAR

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY, AND SOLD AT THEIR HOUSE IN HANOVER SQUARE. LONDON:

MESSRS. LONGMANS, GREEN, READER, AND DYER, PATERNOSTER ROW.

LIST OF THE

CON TRIBIUTORS,

With References to the several Articles contributed by each.

Page Apams, Henry, F.LS. Descriptions of a New Genus aad of Eighteen New Species or Polhisks:* “(Plates Tyr mn Sore Gee ie te sa es sss POR ae

Description of a New Species of Fusus................ 110 List of Additional Species of Land and Freshwater Shells

collected by Mr. E. Bartlett in Eastern Peru, with Descrip- tions of New Species. (Plate XXVII.) ................ 374

Descriptions of Ten New Species of Land and Freshwater Shells collected by Robert Swinhoe, Esq., in China and For-

WosH. “Chiate wey tly OM Nate ee ee easter tise e's 377 Descriptions of Two New Species of African Land-shells. (Pilate URN aay) PGs. Ss Pee aes OF. Peis ST B78

Descriptions of Twenty-six New Species of Shells collected by Robert McAndrew, Esq., in the Red Sea. (Plate XLVIII.) 788

Descriptions of Two New Genera and Five New Species of Diaelis, Sbaate: Malawi rat. Mtoe waits + « elmmatoelers a aes

Auuport, Morton, F.Z.S., F.L.S.

Brief History of the Introduction of Salmon (Sa/mo salar) and other Salmonide@ to the Waters of Tasmania.......... 14

iv Additional Notes on the Introduction of Salmonide into

Tasmania

Anpverson, Dr. Joun, F.Z.S. Extract from a Letter concerning the Dolphin of the Ira- wady ... Extract from a Second Letter concerning the Dolphin of PHeCAWHOW: «Wu sce) es mcer ce

Barrp, Wiiu1am, M.D., F.R.S.

Description of a New Genus and Species of Shells from Whydah, on the West Coast of Africa, with some Remarks on the Genus) roto of Defrance .. .../. cele sere-is ine

Barsoza vu Bocacs, Prof. J. V., F.M.Z.S. Note sur une nouvelle espéce de Pélican ..........--.-

Note sur le jeune de l’année du Pelecanus sharpet ......

Bartiett, A. D., Superintendent of the Society’s Gardens.

Remarks on the Habits of the Panda (/urus fulgens) in CUA ce stan cae Be a cue aioe”: div cmiemia id's 45a Seas

Brazier, Joun, C.M.ZS.

Descriptions of Three New Species of Marine Shells from the Australian Coast......

Notes on Gracula kreffti ....

Descriptions of Ten New Species of Land-shells collected by Mr. W. F. Petterd, of Hobart Town, Tasmania........

Notes on two Australian Land-shells ................

Butuer, Artuur G., F.LS., F.Z.S. List of Diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Mr. ese in Northern India ...... shiewce

Note on the Abnormities in the Neuration of the Hind Wings in Acrea andromacha

Page

790

769

Vv Page CamsBrinGe, The Rey. O. P., C.M.Z.S.

Monograph of the Genus Idiops, including Descriptions of several Species new to Science. (Plate VIII.) .......... 101

Supplementary Notice on the Genus Idiops. (Plate VIII.) 152

On some New Genera and Species of draneidea. (Plate DV caustics = tits st penne A eRe ai thy Freche, RAMEE 728

Notes on a Collection of Arachnida made by J. K. Lord, Esq., in the Peninsula of Sinai, and on the African borders of fhe Red Sea.” (PlateD,.) »3; ban -atiines eee lk 818

Connon, T. 8, M.D., F.B.8., F.1.8.

Description of a New Generic Type of Entozoon from the Aard Wolf (Proteles) ; with Remarks on its Affinities, espe-

cially in reference to the question of Parthenogenesis...... 9 Exhibition of an Entozoon from the Aard Wolf (Acantho- chetlonewd Aracunculordes) a i cia nile Omi ees aes Bugle poe

Covucu, Jonatuan, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S. Description of a New British Mollusk (Aplysia melanopus) 173

Cox, James, M.D., C.M.Z.S.

Descriptions of Seventeen New Species of Land-shells from the South-Sea Islands, in the Cabinet of Mr. John Brazier of SyMMey oN an esok iis cia as dak eo ease an OR

Descriptions of Eight New Species of Shells from Australia and the Solomon Islands. (Plate XVI.)................ 170

Cunnincuam, Rosert O., M.D., F.L.S., C.M.Z.S.

Notes on some Points in the Anatomy of Three Kingfishers (Ceryle stellata, Dacelo gigas, and Alcedo ispida). (Plate

Letter from, on the Habits of the Manatee in captivity .. 798

Darwin, CHAr.es, F.R.S., F.Z.S.

Note on the Habits of the Pampas Woodpecker (Colaptes CAPA) SS RPP AN D's Tt atale talmeihea steele meet MD

vl Day, Francis, Surgeon H.M. Indian Army, F.Z.S., F.LS. On the Freshwater Fishes of Burmah.—Part II. ...... Notes on some Fishes from the Western Coast of India. . On the Fishes of the Andaman Islands ..............

Dresser, H. E., F.Z.S., and Suarpsg, R, B.

On some new or little-known points in the Economy of the Common Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Notes on Lanius excubitor and its Allies...........

Enxiot, Danrex G., I'.L.S., F.Z.S.

Descriptions of some new Genera and Species of Birds belonging to the Families Formicariide, Pachycephalide, and Sylvide.” (Plates KIX. & XK.) oo eee sts wee

Description of new Species of Pheasants from the Province of Yarkand, Eastern Turkestan, and from the Island of For- RIDES ay tor ties see ens cet i As at hoe tie orcas cts

Ernst, Dr. A., C.M.Z.S.

Letter from, describing certain Zoological Specimens ob- tained in and around Caracas

Finscu, Dr. Orro, C.M.Z.S. Description of a New Species of Penguin. (Plate XXV.) On a Collection of Birds from the Island of Trinidad... .

Finscu, Dr. O., C.M.Z.S., and Hartuavus, Dr. G., F.M.Z.S.

On Lobiospiza notabilis, a remarkable new Finch from the Navigator's Tslands. \ (Pinte XIE) oe. coat cose ek cee

FLower, WiiuiAmM Henry, F.R.S., F.L.S., V.P.Z.S., Conser- vator of the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons and Hunterian Professor.

Exhibition of a Drawing of a Cetacean taken off the Coast of Cornwall

bo

817

Vii Page Additional Note on a Specimen of the Common Fin-whale

(Physalus antiquorum, Gray, Balenoptera musculus, auct.) stranded in Langston Harbour, Nov. 1869 .............. 330

On the Anatomy of Hlurus fulgens, Fr. Cuvier ........ 752

Gou.p, Joun, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Exhibition of a new Pigeon (Otidiphaps nobilis)........ 4

Exhibition of, and Remarks upon, some Specimens of Watercouzels: (Cinelus ie 2521, 98.. Uet OOR P84

Remarks on a Collection of Humming-birds made by Mr. Buckley in Ecuador, and Descriptions of two new Species.. 803

Gray, Joun Epwarp, Ph.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.

Notes on the Skulls of the Genus Orca in the British Museum, and Notice of a Specimen of the Genus from the REVCMGNES Shao se ase eam eee gene ad Due a's opi 70

Notes on Tortoises in the British Museum, with Descrip- tions of some new Species, (Plates XXXII. & XXXIV.) 653

Notes on three Species of Tortoises living in the Society’s Gardens: (Pinfes 0b. SX Uke) io sies eins 2 bioieie mittee 5 0-s 706

Descriptions of two new Tortoises from India, in the Col- Ipciiomor 1. ©. serdong ad. vo pderieais sects mre claGy sian ey FOB

On the Family Dermatemyda, and a Description of a living Species in the Gardens of the Society. (Plate XLII.) .... 711

Notes on a Specimen of Cyclanosteus senegalensis living in

the Society’s Gardens. (Plate XLIII.) ................ 717 Notes on Bartlettia, a new Species of Freshwater Tortoises belonging to the Family Peltocephalide .............+4. 718

Notes on the Species of RAinoclemmys in the British Museum 722

Notes on the arrangement of the Genera of Delphinoid

MP eR ere ep leis eae wee vey as 6a ovine ae os) aerate alee 772 Description of an Adult Skull of Lupleres goudoti. Prelate) (ied trator y= ee es De eee a. ee

Notes on Hapalemur simus, a new Species lately living in the Gardens of the Society. (Plate LIT.) .............. 828

vill Page Grey, Sir Groree, K.C.B., F.Z.S8.

Letter from, containing remarks on a letter of Dr. Haast . 116

Gutuiver, Grorer, F.R.S., F.Z.S. On the Size of the Red Corpuscles of the Blood of Mos-

chus, Tragulus, Orycteropus, Ailurus, and some other Mam- malia, with Historical,Notices ). 2.000. 02058 oe whee 82 On the Taxonomic Characters afforded by the Muscular Sheath of the @sophagus as regards Sauropsida and other PRC or en en nn a SE he on ele eth ate cainy ee 283 On certain points in the Anatomy and Economy of the Pree reese a oe g BS. Ss a ayqqa gs Oo) See ee ee

GuntTHeER, ALBERT, M.D., Ph.D., F.BS., F.Z.S.

Note on the Locality of Megalixalus infrarufus ........ 150 Notes on Prototroetes, a Fish from Fresh Waters of the ANIStnMEMENe MON Uy rene 2d Gee haves eerste oo sks some 150

Second account of Species of Tailless Batrachians added to the Collection of the British Museum, (Plate XXX.) .... 401

Description of a new Indian Lizard of the Genus Calotes. (Elsie REV). ete SS PPS. See Coe

On the Occurrence of Lates ealcartfer in Australia...... 824

Haast, Dr. Juxius, F.R.S.

Letter on the Discovery of Cooking-pits and Kitehen- middens in Canterbury Settlement, Middle Island, New Zea- land. Communicated with Remarks, by Prof. Owen, F.R.S., NZS ip Cis Sone iiencin, Nok TRREIS oe Pa a c 53

Hamiuton, Epwarp, M.D., F.L.S., F.Z.S.

Extract from a Letter received from Capt. F. Hamilton concerning the Andanen’ Monkey, ooo cccc< ss wwns,s cone 220

Harrtine, JAaMes Epmunp, F.Z.S.

Exhibition of a specimen of the Dusky Redshank ...... 221

ix age

P t=) Marriavs, Dr. G., F.M.Z.S., and Finscu, Dr. O., C.M.Z.S.

On Lobdiospiza notabilis, a remarkable new Finch from the Navigator’s Islands. (Plate XLIX.) ................-. 817

Hawkes, Dr. J., F.Z.S.

Communication from, respecting a case of hernia ventri- Sula sain City HIME ths on Sn ae Veena ae enn! be OeA

Hupson, Wituiam H., C.M.Z.S.

Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres............ 87 Second Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres .... 112 Third Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres ...... 158 Fourth Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos hy 332

Fifth and Sixth Letters on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres 545 Seventh Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres: ....° G71 Eighth letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres. sss 748 Ninth Letter on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres ...... 798

Krerrt, Gerarp, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S., Curator and Secretary of the Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales.

Description of a gigantic Amphibian allied to the Genus Lepidosiren, from the Wide-Bay District, Queensland .... 221

Notes on the Skeleton of a rare Whale, probably identi-

cal with Dioplodon sechellensis..........0....00000.-.. 426 Lecce, W. Vincent, F.Z.S. Notes on a Malurine Bird from Ceylon................ 673 Litrorp, Lorp, F.Z.S. Letter from, respecting Otus capensis ................ 2 Marsuatt, C. H. T., and Marsuattu, G. F. L. Notes on the Classification of the Capitonide.......... 117

Meyer, Avotr Brernuarp, M.D.

Some Remarks on the Poison-glands of the Genus Callophis 368

x

Page Mivart, Sr. Georesr, F.R.S., F.Z.S., Lecturer on Compa- rative Anatomy at St. Mary’s Hospital. On the Axial Skeleton of the Urodela................. 260 On the Myology of Chameleon parsonii .............. 899

Morir, James, M.D., F.G.S., F.L.S., Late Prosector to the

Society. Additional Memoranda as to the Irregularity in the Growth of Salmon:. \(Plated 4.) ecconek 3c uae ert). o)..89 ee 30 On a Larval @strus found in the Hippopotamus ...... 77 Note on a Specimen of Aquila barthelemyi recently living ais the Societys Gardens oo at a! feud tasty ngs Quin: see Oe Notes on the Anatomy of the Prongbuck, Antilocapra OIL LCAN OM rad er foteantede we her a aveial wie oleLlohelete felis tare. oye ajniin allot 334 On the Saiga Antelope, Saiga tartarica (Pall.) .......-. 451

Notice of a Memoir on the Anatomy of the Walrus .... 544

On Phoca grenlandica, Mill.: its Modes of Progression and its Anatomy. (Plate XXXII.) ..........-s00. --. 604

On a probably New Species of Tenia from the Rhinoceros 608 On a case of Variation in the Horns of a Panolian Deer.. 611 Notice of a Memoir on the Manatee...............4--. 747

Notice of the Second Part of a Memoir on the Anatomy of therSea-lion «ihe tecse carson oc ewe Re eae oie cae

Newton, Aurrep, M.A., V.P.Z.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy and Zoology in the University of Cambridge.

Exhibition of a Skin of the North-American Zonotrichia albicollas ShotaneScolands sctesunincs eek wees ke eee 52

On Cricetus nigricans as a European Species. (Plate

Exhibition of Skins of Falcons from Alaska............ 384 Exhibition of a Chick of Anarhynchus frontalis .....+.. 673

xi

Owen, Ricuarp, M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S., ee F.Z.8., Superintendent of the Natural-History Collec- tions, British Museum.

Remarks on Dr. Haast’s Letter on the Discovery of Cook- ing-pits and Kitchen-middens in Canterbury Settlement, Middle Island, New: Zealand s:.)-. alee) fea 53

Notice of his Fifteenth Memoir on Dinornis .......... 128

Notice of his Sixteenth Memoir on Dinornis .......... 334

Preasr, W. Harper, C.M.Z.S.

Remarks on the Genus Triphoris (Desh.), with Descriptions Piviewre pereei tai aes LL eS Ma Ss ee 773

Perrin, J. B.

Notes on the Anatomy of Balenoptera rostrata........ 805

Peters, Wiuuiam, M.D., Ph.D., F.M.Z.S.

Notice of a Memoir on Pectinator .................. 673

Puayrair, Lieut.-Col., F.Z.S., H.M. Consul-General in Algeria.

Note on a Freshwater Fish from the Neighbourhood of LE a Bile OES RS ah Ne ah a 85

Row ey, Grorcr Dawson, M.A., F.Z.S.

Exhibition of Specimens of the Siberian Lark, and of some pumer tare Tritt Wards sie ite eee vine Ge coun, a' Sines an opm’ 52

SaLvIN, Ospert, M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S. On some Collections of Birds from Veragua.—Part II. (Plate XVII.) . DRM Ss Recess os + tals opie ee (See also Benaven and SaLvin. ) Sanpers, ALFRED, M.R.C:S., F.Z.S, Notes on the Myology of Platydactylus japonicus...... 413

Saunpers, Howarp, F.Z.S. Exhibition of Nestlings of the Booted Eagle .......... 544

xil

Sciater, Poinire Lutiey, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S., Secretary to wo the Society. Notices of recent Additions to the Menagerie . real 1 Remarks on the Hairy Tapir (Tapirus shay? of the ColuMbinnVANUES Season usec eee cee ee es ee ce en ee esse" on

On some new or little-known Birds from the Rio Parana. Relate LIL.) ~. Reese PS Eat as oe nee 57

On Additions to the Menagerie in January 1870. (PlateV.) 86

Exhibition of a ey of a ike, described Lemur

(Propithecus damanus) . . Se tie geet jaar aes Notice of a Memoir on the Deer of the Old World...... 114 Remarks on the Arrangement and Distribution of the

Cervide . igeiee . ld

On Additions to the Shige’ in a a 1870. " (PlateX. ) 125 Further Remarks on the Locality of Amherst’s Pheasant.. 128 Exhibition of a Coloured Drawing of a remarkable Pigeon (Otidiphaps nobilis) .. 1. .0.ccceces sees were sees rete ee 157 Notice of the arrival in the Society’s Gardens of living Specimens of two newly described Species of Phasianide.

Gites KEV. NVC) See ede PEA en Sone ees 162 Further Notes on the Cuckoos of the Genus Coceyzus .. 165

On Additions to the Society’s Menagerie in March 1870. 219 On Additions to the Society’s Menagerie in April 1870, and Description of Canis lateralis. (Plate XXIII.).......... 279 Notices of some new or little-known Species of South- American: Birds <a ial sig Ae ey nd lek RAE Gusinctue RN ee 328 Report on Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of May, and Description of Cervus alfredi. (Plate p. 0.015 10 eee eee re cee i Reports on Additions to the Society’s Menagerie in June, July, August, and September 1870, and Description of Buceros subcylindricus. (Plates XXXV.-XXXIX.)...... 663 Exhibition of a Specimen of Ceratodus forsteri

Reports on Additions to the Society’s Menagerie in October Gnd November 1670 2.0 cc nee ones ene es erase ae 796

xiii Descriptions of three apparently new Species of Tyrant-

birds of the Genus Z/ainea, with Remarks on other known LEE Ce Ne eee RE CCA) eee eS

Sciater Partie Lutyvey, and Savin, OsBerrt. Characters of new Species of Birds collected by Dr. Habel in the: Galapagos: Islands 1; ow2n fs o.4). WOU. Kina. Synopsis-of the Oractde.). 200042 ADS) Be On some recent Additions to the Avifauna of Mexico... On Venezuelan Birds collected by Mr.~A. Goering. ¢Plates X EVi;, FRAAE, Will + sina ae. RES RA ee apt. On Birds collected by Mr. George M. Whitely on the @oastof Honduras. .:6. = 5 oie’ « wales ake Md Widizin te MEE Descriptions of five new Species of Birds from the United States of Columbia. ~ (Plate LIJIT.) ...5 02.0.0... .. 05005

Saarpr, R. B., F.L.S., Librarian to the Society. On the Genus Pelargopsis, Gloger_...........+.0005.

On Campephaga anderssoni, an apparently undescribed Species of this Genus from South-Western Africa. (Plate 1V.) On the Birds of Angola.—Part II. (Plate XIII.)......

On the Hirundinide of the Ethiopian Region.......... Exhibition of a Specimen of Podoces panderi .......... Contributions to the Ornithology of Madagascar.—Part I.

CP ibe De Wiles) ok 5 eae alate ela 6 oa oe 6 onc a

Suarpe, R. B., and Dresser, H. E. On some new or little-known points in the Economy of the Common Swallow (Hirundo rustica)...........+..45

Notes on Lanius excubitor and its allies ..............

Sowersy, G. B., F.L.S. Descriptions of forty-eight new Species of Shells. (Plates Rhy eh poweots ea Ps AY

Swinuog, Ropert, F.Z.S., H.B.M. Consular Service. Exhibition of, and remarks upon, a skin of a Mantchurian Tigerand ‘Chinese. Leopard’... 2...) 010 2 ULERY On a new Deer from China. (Plates VI. & VII.)......

Page

831

840

61

69 142 286 334

. 384

244 590

249

89

XIV

Remarks on the Locality of Amherst’s Pheasant........ Th On the Pied Wagtails of China.—Part I............... 120 On a new Species of Accentor from North China. (Plate

Te. a. TAAL Dust mare ne iE ae 124 On the Pied Wagtails of China.—Part II. ............ 129 Descriptions of seven new Species of Birds procured during

a Cruise up the River Yangtsze (China). (Plate XI.) .... L3l On the Plovers of the Genus gialites found in China.

CE iaceeeUh,)) 25 Mi ced. “Has esiog <.alie ith <ianlecimetm o. apie 136 On the Mammals of Hainan. (Plate XVIII.) ........ 224 List of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the Island of

Hainan (China),-with Notes: sic: igs... Wee. tae 239 Note on Reptiles and Batrachians collected in various parts

de China; + (Plate- ST) fey SI re.) RRS ee Zoological Notes of a Journey from Canton to Pekin and

WNL reine -alicte wr ne Bc aac agate Y he aia acne hale eel 427 List of Birds collected by Mr. Cuthbert Collingwood during

a Cruise in the China and Japan Seas, with Notes ........ 600 Catalogue of the Mammals of China (south of the River

Yangtsze) and of the Island of Formosa ..-...........-- 615

TEGETMFIER, WiLL1AM BERNHARD, F.Z.S. Exhibition of living Specimens of the Axolotl .......... 160 THEOBALD, WiLL1AM (of the Geological Survey of India). Observations on a paper by Dr. Gray, entitled ‘* Notes on the Faunly and ‘Genera Of "TOrtoises”” . o.:. spo came so « alae 674 Tristram, Rev. Henry Baker, M.A., F.L.S., C.M.Z.S. Exhibition of Skins of Aquila nevioides and of other Indian

ODT Co ae oe See SME CUTER Exhibition of Skins of Lusciniola melanopogon and other

Tudian Warblenss, sea ae ete. Nee Sr

Wuire, Rosert B., C.M.Z.S. Letters from, concerning the Hairy Tapir (Tapirus roulini) of the*hichlands af Columbia; ): 7. cjack -isst-« aihaeatee ee) Ol

XXVII. XXVIII. XXIX.

XXX.

XXXI. XXXII.

2

|

LIST OF PLATES.

Page New Land and Marine Shells .......4......2-0005 5 SOUT C Soa, i aes: | aee © Fae imeem 30 Corynhisten a Qlaudingcrayecgtstetorna athe alociat 2 «ss. 4 57 Campephaga anderssoni..... 06sec ec ee neve een neee 69 Rig il 2 Hy lobates lars cmt imekiiceatcsitaetos otis Fig. 2. ROOLOCK kre aT8c gt ne lias 5 < SS ee EL Un Op OtES tn ermis i.e ain tele Opn, aeatee Me els ss aes 89 pRB HGUULLS epics I ace: Ue nas cities ; Wew Species af Tettense ic. as aati acs hp whe w= afarest 101 ACcEentor enythT Op geUus: san xoceieie lyme ss ssha «= 34s > 124 Macrapius’ eriiGescensiciass isha viscaneitls «che exsyatere > += «leh 126 TsQNAUS WALTENT A AAI. -tensyagina heise s Ae casiale SEER 131 AY GGL eS OT LUI GE oes ro spe cles versie aieasess ilove bass aal 6 136 Bigs Ll RiansarsusWONteUTd ealeces) seis are s.Siaie\ess <<< 142 Fig. 2. ACTON USO sroyaiex alav-seiete sixtalh clvievess eiratecr’s ae Lophophorus selatert SLOG UOIERC. CORES hc aL 162 Ceri ornis BULA armtaale- «ts cleleiels: «is sieicis are, us alos ete eee New Shells from Australia and the Solomon Islands.. 170 Map of Central America ..........0cececveeceees 175 DRED US UOINATMUS wercy Neverthe ata fete nee) Pak asl yaleleelao¥e- aia ed Clytorhynchus pachycephaloides ............+-4. Clyfoctantes: alimitrag tere Gare ds vse ess dein 4 0008 a ING Wa SHE Mai eres rclekeren ts leet ai ciss ofa: = aietre a oie eitilroe’ sya Sh ee 249 CONSE THIDERIES) | (atin tel Wards es vie wale, Wee! Pe Wo cee Oe 279 Myolepy of Kinenishersisiaies |. '.0.c0). evs cle sot eceinn se 280 Dasyrhamphus hercwlisi.. 0.2.22 600 ese cee o eae 322 CPLCEIUSERIG RICANS! aia cfs e'o\ twice «<0! o'« xoh2 ws. 61/o c\ala wie 331 ANEW eS EU Sate. Netra cpaieetey anete tate a cats, cori. oFe Myjeleieys nee ae 374 (CEILS CliiRai ln dow oie Boe lee CARE Er ens Uce ccc: © 381 MEU SHOE OTIS! CLOSSLCU2'c\ xtvta tela flare «\fa)'0i« \vsolele/s|eieletais)/ehors 384 Figs. 1, 2. Nannophryne variegata ...........55. | 401 We ee ILO TR ORQUM COs sis) «01> « 've,0/she) fareteteielalacela sss j Trimeresurus Mucrosquamatus ....eceecreceeceeeas 409 604

Phoca grenlandica

Site sw es) ea) eS ads, wleie wie) aVenmie ©.@ 8 c/a we 6

XV1

Plate Page XXXIII. Peltastes platynotus ......0cecsevves Sean bios aC ; ROX CRELOUINAERDUNST ides salads vs wie ¥ os Wess s 4/8 oles =

PRONSNV nim IVI CLCUS) LEONUITUS) nin aleusts sveVels ia eal onctaysia acs o x(aNetafelopavers 664 RORONGV Me CUO O OUT TRCISLET:D tay aie o'n):cle\ ni /iota sc) sue /e.(c «e's elem spnie

XXXVII. Metopiana peposacd .......ccccsvccccessvsencs 666 MNOVIT. —Dafilacspimicauda, sea. ees ace leaks wee one so oe

OXON | BU CenasSUDCYTINMTACUS wvace) a.0i0 iaje ofere ans dian wis) oieiaepeieie 668 Kee pe MEST UO: CHILCUSIS cls atlas forse oie sis as siSaneis a's o7s ity

XLI. —— elephantopus 1... 0. cc nccsvcce ccescccccecs 106

MMM Mi Chlonemysiaononmts, ,s< ccahescsieysiahs/andieliiess, olovel seers oes 711

XLII. Cyclasnosteus senegalensis ........ 6. secre reve vevas 717

XLIV. New Genera and Species of Araneidea.............. 728

Fig. A. Calotes jerdont, Sve vee ye cee cee nae ae 3 Fig. B. MARE s.0 ahi ts 4. eV IA 6 az ehre 18 , Fig. 1. Chlorospingus goeringt ... +... eeeeeeeeee os ee 2. Diglossa gloriosa...... MPR. Pb 779 XLVII. Urochroma dilectissima ...... TR CaSO OO HOR Rt «20. XDAVALITS » News bixotie shellssratacte cee cess re ere corelele st ols sveveietae 788 XMLIX. Lobiospizanotabilis. wivccces esse vtec ceee eves cede 817 L. New Spiders from Sinai and Massowa ..........+++5 818 LI. Eupleres goudoti..........+- ata mrotetnate sieinca cle /stenstts 824 LIL. Hapalemur simus.....0cccccccececsssssccvsses Broce) Fig. 1. Tyranniscus leucogonys......+.++0e2eeeee LUI. JB 2 CHIEF CLCCDS I. alsteieieateretere «aes Tee ale ole 840 Fig. 3. improbus ....+-- iba pupdochagchun

The numbering of these two figures has been accidentally reversed in the letterpress, p. 784.

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

January 13, 1870. John Gould, Esq., F.R.S., V.P., in the Chair.

The Secretary called the attention of the Meeting to certain addi- tions to the Society’s Menagerie during the months of November and December last. These were :—

1. Six Water-tortoises (Hmys), presented by the Rev. Basil Wil- berforce, November 27th. Upon being taken to the British Museum for identification, four of these animals proved to belong to a new species, which had been described by Dr. Gray at the Society’s Meeting in December under the name Emys flavipes* ; and the two others to a species described by Dr. Gray at the Society’s Meeting on the 11th of November as Mauremys laniariat. It was unfortu- nate that Mr. Wilberforce was unable to state the localities of these specimens, which had been purchased from various dealers during the last ten years, some of them having been in his possession for the whole of that period.

2. A specimen of a rare American Monkey, the Ouakari (Bra- chyurus ouacari, Spix), obtained from the forests of the Rio Negro by Lewis Joel, Esq., C.M.Z.S., H.B.M. Vice-Consul at Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela, and deposited in the Society’s Gardens by Mrs. Joel, December 16th. One specimen of this Monkey had been pre- viously living in the Society’s Gardens, in 1847, an original drawing

* P. Z. 8. 1869, p- 643. Tt P. Z. 8. 1869, p. 499. Proc. Zoou. Soc.—1870, No. I.

2 LETTER FROM DR. A. ERNST. (Jan. 13,

of which by Mr. Richter was now in the Society’s Library*. Mr. Sclater remarked that he had little doubt that the Szmza melano- cephala of Humboldt (Rech. Zool. i. p. 316, t. xxix.) was really intended for the same animal, as it was obtained in the same locality (that is, from the Upper Rio Negro), and it was hardly likely that two so nearly allied species could coexist in the same district, the species of this group being remarkable for their distribution in defi- nitely limited geographic areas.

The following extract was read from a letter addressed to Mr. Sclater by Lord Lilford, F.Z.S. :—

“TI notice that in the last part of the Zoological Society’s Pro- ceedings,’ p. 276, you say that the Otus capensis sent to me by Major Irby last year was captured on the Rock of Gibraltar. This is a mistake; it was the Bubo maximus (which arrived at the Gardens at the same time with Oéus capensis) which was caught in one of the galleries in the Rock. The Otus capensis was one of several which Major Irby shot near Casa Vieja, about fifty miles west of Gibraltar, beyond Tarifa. I have just received from Major Irby a very fine skin of the same species from Tangier. From what I can make out, this bird migrates northwards irregularly in autumn. Major Irby found five or six in a marsh in October 1868, and has failed to find them, or hear of them, in that locality, or elsewhere in Spain, in spring or summer. It is not a common bird near Tangier.”

The Secretary read the following extracts from a letter addressed to him by Dr. A. Ernst, C.M.Z.S., dated Caracas, August 20th, 1869 :—

“A few days ago one of my collectors brought me a fine male specimen of the Echimys cristatus, Desm. It was shot in a spot called the Palmar, which is about 4500 feet above the level of the Caribbean Sea. The animal appears to be very rare in the imme- diate neighbourhood of Caracas ; but I was told it was pretty abun- dant in the hotter regions of the valley of the Tuy river. Its vulgar name is ‘Catiragitia.” The colour agreed pretty well with the only description I was able to find in my books (Boitard, Le Jardin des Plantes, Mammiféres, p. 345). I took the following measurements : —From tip of nose to root of tail 28 centim.; tail 22 centim.; dis- tance between the ears 4 centim.; distance between the eyes 23 centim. ; tip of nose to the line between the ears 5 centim. ; cireum- ference of body in its thickest part 16 centim. The animal was shot from a tree; its habits are therefore arboreal, as generally in this

enus.

“‘Of Bats I obtained the Vespertilio lucifugus, Leconte. In the higher part of the river Catuche, about 6000 feet above the sea, a

* Cf. Dr. Gray’s remarks, P. Z. 8. 1849, p. 9, where there is a woodeut taken from this drawing.

+ Cf. Wallace, P. Z. 8. 1852, p. 108.

eee ee

1870.] MR. SWINHOE ON THE SKIN OF A MANTCHURIAN TIGER. 3

dozen of specimens were captured in a small grotto. Most of them were young animals; there was only one full-grown male amongst them. All the specimens were thickly covered by a species of Myc- teribia ; but I was unable to classify it for want of literary apparatus. My identification of the Vespertilio mentioned rests on the memoir on American Bats published by Allen in vol. vii. of the Smithsonian Mise. Collect. 55.

«‘ The last steamer from Ciudad Bolivar brought, amongst other things, a few specimens of the Fulgora laternaria, L. My corre- spondent repeats in his letter the fables the Indians relate with re- spect to this innocent insect; but though he mentions the most marvellous things, he does not speak of any emanations of light. I think such negative evidence is worthy to be taken notice of.

“And last, but not least, I have to add a few lines with respect to a species of Sywilla which was captured by a fisherman at La Guayra, the sea-port of this town. It is certainly a species closely allied to Sq. mantis; but I think it different. There are no traces of the six dorsal lines ; the segments are perfectly smooth, whitish, with the exception of the anterior margin, which is of a greyish-blue colour. The posterior margin of the fifth gill-bearing articulation is mi- nutely toothed; the following shows teeth on both edges; and this last segment has in the middle an oval protuberance of a bluish-grey colour, 14 inch long, and nearly 4 inch broad. The posterior edge of the same segment has on each side three strong inwardly bent teeth, and, between these, two groups of united small teeth. The claws are armed with eight large teeth, excepting the large curved point of the claw. The carapace of the thorax has a deep and broad notch on the posterior edge, and four rather faintly impressed lon- gitudinal lines. The underside of the animal is white; there are distinct bluish markings at the root of the spines in the claws. Length 22 centim. from the point of insertion of the eyes to the pos- terior edge of the last segment.

«I hope these indications will be sufficient for an identification of the animal with some described species. In case it should not be so, I will try to send you our specimen over to have it duly examined and described.”

Mr. Swinhoe exhibited the skin of a Mantchurian Tiger (Felis tigris?), measuring 7 feet 8 inches from the nose to the root of the tail, and placed alongside of it the skin of a specimen from India. He pointed out that, with the exception of the face, which had as short hair as that of the Bengal Tiger, the whole of the body of the Mantchurian beast was covered with long softish hairs, and that there was a shaggy ruff about its neck. The specimen exhibited was of a pale colour, with the stripes narrow and indistinct, especially about the shoulders and the hips. Its tail had four narrow longitudinal streaks on the upper surface for the first foot of its length, the next foot was banded irregularly, and the terminal foot regularly, with black and flavescent, ending with a broad black tip. This was the northern race of Tiger, which was tracked by the hunters among

4 REV. H. B. TRISTRAM ON AQUILA N&vioipes. [Jan. 13,

the snows of Mantchuria and Corea. It did not wander south of Peking, but had occurred near Lake Baikal in Siberia, and, it was said, even in the neighbourhood of St. Petersburg. Mr. Swinhoe regretted that he had not yet succeeded in getting its skull. He added that on a former occasion, some years ago, he had exhibited to the Society a skin of the true Bengal Tiger, which was procured at Amoy. This southern race was found from Canton to Shanghai.

Mr. Swinhoe also showed the skin of a Leopard from the province of Kwangtung, very richly coloured and marked, but otherwise agree- ing with the Leopard of India; and at the same time laid before the Meeting the skins of an adult and young of the northern Leopard, which Dr. Gray some time since (P. Z. S. 1862, p. 262, Pl. xxxmt.) had described as new ( Leopardus japonensis), from a skin said to have come from Japan. Mr. Swinhoe remarked that this Leopard dif- fered from the southern race also in its long shaggy hair, in the greater amount of white about it, in its bushy tail, its pale colour, and in the confused massing together of the black spots and circles. The young specimen had all the characters of the adult, except that the markings were indistinct and more in the form of spots.

Mr. Swinhoe stated that the skin before them was procured at Peking, and that the animal was found wild on the western hills near Peking, and in the country to the north (Mantchuria), extend- ing probably to Corea and the island of Saghalien, and perhaps to Northern Japan. It seemed to him that if the northern Leopard was to be recognized as a distinct race worthy of a specific name, so also should the Tiger be. He would do his best to procure the skull of this race, as also that of the northern Leopard, and expected that the osteological characters would confirm the differences shown by the skins.

Mr. Swinhoe also produced the stuffed skin of a Leopardus bra- chyurus from Formosa, in which the tail was somewhat long, proving that this race is more akin to Z. macrocelis than had been anticipated.

Mr. Gould exhibited, and made remarks upon, a specimen of the very remarkable new Pigeon which he had recently described under the name Ot¢idiphaps nobilis*, supposed to be from New Guinea.

The Rev. H. B. Tristram exhibited two skins of Aquila nevioides from India, and made the following remarks on them :—

“‘T have the pleasure to submit for exhibition two specimens of Aquila nevioides, recently sent to me from Etawah, N. W. Provinces of India, by my friend Mr. W. G. Brooks, C.E. Mr. Brooks had noticed a peculiarly ruddy Eagle in his neighbourhood for some months before he obtained his first specimen; and the bird not being on any Indian list, or recorded from the East, imagined he had discovered a new species. I heard from him last week that he has just obtained a third specimen near Etawah.

* Ann. Nat. Hist. ser, 4, vol. y. p. 62 (1870).

GB Sowerby lith M & N Hanhart imp

oz)

2s

NEW LAND & MARINE SHELL

1870.] MR. H. ADAMS ON NEW SHELLS. 5

** Mr. Gurney observes that the specimens now exhibited appear to be male and female of the true A. nevioides, identical with those found in Africa. I have never seen this larger race from India pre- viously, or, at least, have never recognized it if I have seen it.

“© «The occurrence of these two birds in India raises a curious question of nomenclature. 4. nevioides is undoubtedly far more fulvescens”’ in its average plumage than the allied smaller Indian race, which you and I have been in the habit of identifying with Aquila fulvescens of Gray.

« « But as it now seems that the true A. nevioides occurs in India, is it not most probable that A. fulvescens, Gray, is in reality a synonym of A. nevioides, and that the smaller allied but less fulvescent bird, which is peculiar to India, should be termed Aquila vindhiana of Franklin, without the synonym of 4. fulvescens?’

*T also exhibit a singular specimen, received from Mr. Brooks at the same time, which Mr. Gurney considers to be a female of 4. vindhiana of an unusually dark colour, attributable to the plumage being newly acquired atter a recent moult. This bird has been considered by Mr. A. Hume to be 4. nevia, and by others A. hastata.”

The following papers were read :—

1. Descriptions of a New Genus, and of Eighteen New Species of Mollusks. By Henry Apams, F.L.S.

(Plate I.) Genus Nesta, H. Ad.

Testa oblongo-ovali, superne convewa, apice terminali, subincurvo, extus decussata, sulco dorsali in fissuram desinente; apertura margine crenulato.

Nesta canpipa, H. Ad. (Plate Pidies lp :l a)

N. testa oblongo-ovali, tenui, lirulis elevatis tenuissimis concentricis et radiantibus concinne decussata, nivea; sulco dorsali lateribus distinctis, transverse striato, fissura antica valida ; apertura mar- gine postico paulum incrassato, omnino delicate crenulata.

Long. 53, lat. 3, alt. 12 mill.

Hab. Rea Sea (Coll. M‘Andrew).

This pretty and delicate little form appears to be allied to Zeidora, A. Ad.; but the peculiar internal septum, which is a marked cha- racteristic of that genus, is absent in Nesta. It may be considered a communicating link between Zetdora and Emarginula.

The genus Zeidora was obtained by my brother in Japan, where also he met with another singular shell, Morchia obvoluta, of which two specimens have been dredged by Mr. M‘Andrew in the Red

Sea.

6 MR. H. ADAMS ON NEW SHELLS. [Jan. 13,

Corsuta suucutosa, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 2.)

C. testa solida, acuminato-ovata, albida, subequivalvi, sulcis con- centricis subdistantibus ornata ; umbonibus medianis, prominenti- bus, proximatis ; latere antico ovali, latere postico acuminato ; margine dorsali antice subincurvo, postice arcuato, margine ven- trali vix sinuato ; declivitate umbonali valde angulata.

Long. 9, alt. 6, lat. 6 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. Mf‘ Andrew).

TeLuina (TELLINELLA) vircuLata, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 3.)

T. testa solidiuscula, subovali, subequilaterali, concentrice conferte lirata, liris postice rugose lamellosis, albida, radiis rubro-fuscis interruptis picta; latere antico ovali, latere postico ad extremi- tatem subtruncato ; plica valida; margine dorsali antice leviter arcuato, postice vir recto ; margine ventrali convexo, postice sub- sinuato ; intus albida, ad marginem obscure radiata.

Long. 25, alt. 20 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘ Andrew).

TeLuipora pusiuua, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 4.)

T. testa parva, subtriangulari, solida, concentrice lamellosa, et inter lamellas tenuissime radiatim striata; lamellis subirregularibus, subremotis, ad latus posticum serratis, pallide flava; umbonibus submedianis, acutis, compressis ; margine dorsali antice subincur- vato, postice subarcuato ; margine ventrali convexo, postice sinuato et angulato; flecura conspicua; valva utraque convexa.

Long. 10, alt. 10, lat. 4 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘Andrew).

The two other known species of this genus, viz. 7’. burneti and T. erystallina, are from Mazatlan and West Columbia. In the former, one valve is convex and the other slightly concave, while in 7’. ery- stallina and T. pusilla both valves are convex.

Lucrnopsis (Lasonxarria) ELEGANS, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 5.)

L. testa parvula, tenui, ovato-quadrata, alba, lineis incrementi con- spicuis, remotis, et striis tenuissimis confertis divaricantibus, in- terstitiis indentatis insculpta ; umbonibus medianis, approximatis, prominentibus ; lunula elongato-ovali, linea angusta circumscripta; extremitate antica ovali, extremitate postica latiore, via conveza, cum margine dorsali angulum subarcuatum formante ; margine ventrali subrecto.

Long. 11, alt. 10, lat. 5 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘Andrew).

SEMELE MACANDRES, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 6.)

S. testa oblongo-ovali, inequilaterali, solidula, albida, lumellis erectis tenuibus concentricis ornata, interstitiis minutissime ra- diatim striatis; umbonibus prominentibus, postmedianis, contiguis ; margine dorsali postice subrecto, antice incurvato, margine ven-

1870. ] MR. H. ADAMS ON NEW SHELLS. 7

trali arcuato ; extremitate posteriore subovali, cum margine dor- sali angulum formante, extremitate anteriore rotundata ; valvis ad marginem ventralem compressis, postice fleruosis et angulo dorsali curvato instructis.

Long. 23, alt. 18, lat. 9 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘ Andrew).

Cuione PuLCHELLA, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 7.)

C. testa transversim ovali, solidula, convexa, equilaterali, lamelilis concentricis erectis ornata, ad extremitatem posticam validis et granulosis, inter lamellas radiatim striatis, carnea, rubro marmo- rata; umbonibus medianis ; lunula angusta, bene impressa ; intus rubra.

Long. 10, alt. 53, lat. 33 mill.

Hab. Red Sea ( Coll. M‘ Andrew).

Lorires pecussata, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 8.)

L. testa subglebosa, solidula, striis tenuibus, elevatis, confertis, con- centricis et radiantibus decussata, alba; umbonibus submedianis, elevatis, acutis, approximatis, antrorsum versis ; margine interno concinne crenulato.

Long. 9, alt. 11, lat. 9 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘dAndrew).

Perna Fuuterpa, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 9.)

P. testa transversa, elongato-ovata, tumida, castanea, nitida, area mediana pallidiore ; umbonibus subterminalibus, contiguis, viola- ceis; margine dorsali in medio obtuse angulato, margine ventrali antice convero, postice parum incurvaio; superficie valvarum sulco levi radiatim bipartita.

Long. 28, alt. 15, lat. 11 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll. M‘Andrew).

Limopsis concinna, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 10.)

L. testa solidula, subovali, subequilaterali, concentrice irregulariter lirata, radiatim confertissime tenuissime siriata, alba; umbonibus submedianis, prominentibus, incurvatis ; latere antico rotundato, latere postico longiore, ad extremitatem subangulato ; denticulis cardinalibus utringue ad 5; margine intus crenato-sulcato.

Long. 4, alt. 4, lat. 22 mill.

Hab. Canary Islands (Coll. M‘Andrew).

Lim#a pectinaTa, H. Ad. (Plate I. fig. 11.)

L. testa solidula, triangulari-ovata, subequilaterali, subauriculata, alba, costis radiantibus ad 19, rotundatis, elevatis, imbricatis or- nata, interstitiis concentrice laminatis ; margine crenato ; umbo- nibus prominulis ; area ligamenti vir eacavata ; margine cardinali vie obliquo, recto, denticulis ad 11 utringue instructo.

Long. 24, alt. 3, lat. 2 mill.

Hab. Red Sea (Coll, M‘Andrew).

MR. H. ADAMS