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| FEE -9 | PROCEEDINGS re

OF THE

ASTATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL.

EDITED BY

JHE fIONORARY SECRETARIES.

JANUARY TO DECEMBER,

dgentsfeaee

CALCUTTA : PRINTED BY f. Pp. pewis, PAPTIST Mission PRESS.

L872.

CONTENTS.

—_@—

List of Members of the Asiatic Society of Bengal on the 31st

December, 1871, Appendix in February Proceedings, .... 7 I Abstract Statement of Receipts and Disbursements of the

Asiatic Society of Bengal for the year 1871, Appendix in

Mounuary eTOCOCOIIOS,) <r. nc crave! aaiaes'e enthasefenevererecltiets 7 XVI

Proceedings for January, 1872, ...... a aare-a- ae oho fetopeve oe Soonds 1-6 Do. for February, including Annual Renee and Presi-

dent’s Address, ...... wi ehig ose iatei duller: oteha Showene 7-42

Do. for March, PRG io eee shi eve eee se 43-54

Do. for April, igh DAEs. “os cataeet PUNO Veer eb e Ea 55-68

Do. for May, Syl Ob. orig ilellenwieha eearareeeralig Slhears 69-94

Do. for June, sak lie piled Br ote wisi ele) bitdd.c eiteiee 95-116

Do. for July, sagen BliGngl Bie, Oieledel are oes eres ace carere 117-134

Do. for August, itociade seers Tia Fasehuraeans ie ereueiane 135-164

Do. for November, Pee are) Ae eLelaterebeten sakersat eter: 165-190

Do. for December, ee re rene ¢ ers eae ehe at ate sete 191-212

Appendix, ...cccrscvescccssssnsescesecens Sa cOtcue Coe O6 213

GERARD as stetclare chavelec opel ss 6: nie) sive fensvereo sie Soh 6 Gaeta Vee 215

Meteorological Observations for January to Dedsrakes 1872, I to LXXXVI

PPLOLOLOPOPLOLOI_OIOIOIOOOaaaowmaOoaeee

ERRATA.

Page 119, line 5 from below, for Bimlisara, read Bimbisara. Page 120, line 10, for Rohon, read Rohoi.

Page 132, line 17, for 902, read 903.

Page 38, line 19, for a ordinary, read an ordinary.

Page 181, lines 15, 18 and 30, for Ruye, read Rays.

California Academy of Sciences

Presented by_ASiatj Bengal.

Meee Re Ore

California /

http://www.archive.org/details/proceedingsofasi18/2asia

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL,

foR_ANUARY, 1872.

A meeting of the Society was held on Wednesday the 3rd instant, at 9 o'clock, P. M.

The Hon’ble J. B. Phear, President, in the Chair.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed.

Presentations were announced—

1. From Dr. C. R. Francis, Dinapore, a box of petrified seeds,’ from near Rajmahall. The following extract of a letter from Mr. HE. Srzwarr, Extra Assistant Commissioner, Rajmahall, accompanied the donation—

‘In regard to the petrified seeds, they are found on the borders of a tank at Burhait, about thirty miles from Rajmahall in the centre almost of the Rajmahall Hills.

‘The tank is said to be a very ancient one, aus by some former Rajah, and the seeds are found among the soil immediately on its banks; no doubt this soil contains a good deal of lime and other calcareous idpredicitn.

‘The natives suppose that the seeds were dropped by former travellers who used to sit on its banks and eat their rice, dall, &c.; but I am not entirely free from doubt in my own mind as to whether they are seeds at all.’

2. From H. F. Blanford, Esq.—A copy of an English and Tamil Dictionary ; also a copy of an English Telugu and Tamil Vocabulary.

3. From the author—A copy of a Speech on the Metric System, delivered by Mr. Stevenson, M. P., in the House of Commons.

4. From the author—Two copies of ‘The Durga Puja, by Babu Pratapachandra Ghosha, B. A.

2 Asam Coins. [ JAN.

5. From Mr. J. M. Foster, Asim—Three large and three small Asim silver coins.

Basu PRaTA‘PACHANDRA GuHosHa, Assistant Secretary, submitted the following note regarding these coins—

1. A silver rupee, octagonal, of Rajes’vara Sinha. A rupee of the same prince and bearing the same legend is figured in Marsden’s Nu- mismata Orientalia.” But the date there given is S’ake 1674, correspond- ing to A. D. 1752. This coin, however, bears 1690, z. e., A. D., 1768. It is important as shewing the latest date of the reign of that prince. ‘This prince appears from the coin to have reigned at least for sixteen years. Marsden, however, describes a silver two-anna piece of the same prince, dated 1620, which would extend his reign to fifty years. In this coin also, at the bottom of the obverse area in the margin, is impressed the figure of what appears to be a winged dragon.

2. <A silver eight-anna piece, octagonal of Rajes’vara Sinha, not figured in Marsden.

I. Area—S’ri S’ri Rajes’vara Sinha Nrpasya, of the twice illustrious prince Rajes’vara Sinha.

IL Area—S‘ri 9’ri S‘tvapada Pardyanasya, of the twice illustrious devotee of the feet of S’iva.

This coin bears no date.

3. A silver four-anna piece, octagonal, not figured in Marsden, of the wife of S’iva Sinha.

I. Area—S'ri 8’ri S’iva Sinha Mahipa.

II. Area—Jaya S’ri Madamvikandm, of the twice illustrious king Siva Sinha’s wife, fortunate Amyika. At the bottom the century of the date is preserved 16.

From Marsden we find that S’iva Sinha reigned in 1662, agreeing with 1740, A. D.

4. A silver two-anna piece, octagonal, of Gaurinatha Sinha, not figur- ed in Marsden.

I.—S8’ri S'ri Gaurinatha.

TI.—SinhaNrpasya, of the twice illustrious Gaurinatha Sinha, ruler of men.

It bears no date. Gaurinatha reigned about S’ake 1706, or 1784, A. D.

5. <A silver anna piece, octagonal, of the same prince, not figured in Marsden.

I.—S’ri Gaurinatha.

If.—Sinha Nrpasya.

6. A silver half-anna piece, octagonal, of the same prince not figured in Marsden.

I.—S‘ri Gau—

I].—rinatha Sinha.

a

1872.] Gold Coins from Cheduba Island. 3

The following gentleman duly proposed and seconded at the last meeting was balloted for, and elected an Ordinary Member— W. D. Butcher, Esq., M. D.

The following gentlemen are candidates for ballot at the next meeting—

M. Sashagiri Sastri, B. A., Professor of Sanscrit, Presidency College, Madras, proposed by Babu Rajendralala Mitra, seconded Mr. H. Blochmann.

J. Minto, Esq., Debrogarh, Asim, proposed by L. Schwendler, Esq., seconded by the Hon’ble J. B. Phear.

The following members have intimated their desire to withdraw from the Society—W. Oldham, Esq., LL. D., Ghaziptir; Lieut.-Col. J. J. McLeod

Innes.

The following letter was read—

From Cou. Str A. Prayers, regarding the continuation of his history of the Burmah Race and certain gold coins from the Island of Cheduba.

‘I take the liberty to enclose you a memorandum, regarding some gold coins found on Cheduba, some thirty years ago, as no doubt one of the same find is referred to in the Proceedings of the Society for April last. There were found, I remember hearing at the time at Sandoway, where I then was, some two hundred, and being not far above high water mark it was conjec- tured they had been deposited by some ship-wrecked persons. I collected at different times some 10 or 12 of these from various natives, and sent a portion, six or seven I think, to the Society for inspection. Unfortunately they were all stolen along with the whole Society’s collection. I had two which T sent home, and only came across them last year. I showed them to Sir W. Elliot with the result I have mentioned in the enclosed memorandum. It is possible that some of the original coins may still be found among the villagers of Cheduba. It would be curious to see if any of them have a device other than the boar, which of course is the incarnation of Vishnu.

‘With reference to what is stated as to the com having been struck in the reign of Maha Paramat, I would observe that the era of the Buddhist religion commences from the attainment of Nirvana by Gautama, say 543, B. C; the common era from 538, or rather 589, A. D.

‘I have been unable to continue my paper on the history of the Burma Race, as some of my Burmese MSS. are missing. I hope, however, to recover them. In the meantime, I am preparing a paper on the history of Pegu, which if acceptable for the Journal, I will send hereafter.’

Memorandun.

‘In the Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal for April, 1871, there is a notice of a gold coin received from the Island of Cheduba, and presented by Colonel Hamilton. From the account, it is probable that the coin is one of a large number discovered on Cheduba some thirty years ago. Some of them

A Communications and Additions to the Library. [J Aan.

were figured and described by Captain T. Latter in the Journal for 1846. Coins of a similar type have, however, been described by Sir Walter Elliot in a paper which he published in the Madras Journal of Literature and Science. He describes them as coins of the Chalukya Princes, of whom the Eastern line reigned at Raéjamandri, and the Western at Kalyan. The central figure on the coins described by Captain Latter was a boar, a device which the Chalukya princes stamped on their coms throughout a long period of time. Around the central figure were other objects, a ch’hatra, and other regalia. The letters, Sir Walter Elliot decides, are old Telugu characters. I have lately shown to Sir Walter two coms of those originally found on Cheduba. He has not yet deciphered the characters, but thinks they are undoubtedly old Telugu, and that the coins belong probably to the fifth century of the Christian era.’ ,

The following papers were read—

TRANSLATIONS FROM THE TARIKH I FrRUZSHAHI. Ziduddin’s Preface. —By E. C. Barytey, Esq., C. 8S. 6. 8. FE

The Reign of Mwizzuddin.— By P. Wuattey, Esq., C. S.

These papers will be printed in the Journal for 1871 and 1872.

The receipt of the following communications was announced—

1. The Swans of India —By W. Brooks, Esg., CO. 8., Eva’wan.

2. Ona New Species of Phyllopneuste— By W. Brooks, Esq, C. E., Eira’ wad.

3. Third List of Birds obtained in the Khasi and Garo Hills, with some corrections, Jc., to the former lists —By Mason H. H. Gopwry-AvstEn.

LIpRaRry.

The following additions have been made to the library since the meeting

held in December 1871. Presentations. ** Names of Donors in Capitals.

The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Vol. XXVIL,

‘Part I1I.—Tue Lrynean Soctery. - Abhandlungen der K6niglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Ber-

lin, 1870.—Koniten. AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN ZU BERLIN.

Monatsbericht der K. Pr. Akademie der Wissenschaften, August, 1871.— K, Pr. AKADEMIE, BERL.

Bijdragen tot de Taal landen Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch Indie, Vol. V, 2nd and 38rd*stuk.—VoLKENKUNDE VAN NEDERLANDSCH INDIE.

Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie, Dl XXXI. Affe- vering 4—6,—NATUURKUNDIGE VEREENIGING IN NEDERLANDSCH INDIE.

Jahrbuch, Band XXI. No. 2—K. K. GroLocgiscHe REICHSANSTALT.

R

1872. | Additions to the Library. 5

Annales de la Société Impériale d’Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle, et Arts utiles de Lyon, 4 série, Tome I.—Soctmre ImpEertaLe D AGRICULTURE, HistorrE NATURELLE ET ARTS UTILES DE Lyon.

Bulletin de la Société de Géographie, 1871, September, October.— SOCIETE DE LA GEOGRAPHIE, Parts.

Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, Part IT. Vol. I1.—Tne Royat Soctery or Vicrorta.

T'wo Copies of ‘'The Durga Puja,’ with Notes and Illustrations, by Babu Pratapachandra Ghosha, B. A.—Tur AuTHoR.

Scripture Truth in Oriental Dress, by Rev. J. Long.—Tue Aurnor.

On the Constitution of the Solid Crust of the Earth, by Archdeacon J. H. Pratt, M. A., F. R. S—Tuwe Avruor.

The Ramayana, Vol. II. No. 12, edited by Hemchandra.—Tue Eprror.

The Christian Spectator, January, 1872.—Tue Eprror.

The Calcutta Journal of Medicine, October, 1871.—Tue Enprror.

Professional Papers on Indian Engineering, 2nd series, Vol. I. No. 2. —TueE Eprror.

A Pocket Dictionary of English and Tamil, by Capt. J. Ouchterlony.— H. F. Branrorp, Esa.

A Polyglot Vocabulary of the English, Teloogoo and Tamil languages.— H. F. Bruanrorp, Esq.

A Descriptive Catalogue of Sanskrit, Pali, and Singalese Literary Works of Ceylon, by J. D’Alwis, M. R. A.S., Vol. 1—THer Government oF Inpra, Home DEPARTMENT.

The Annals of Indian Administration, Vol. XIV. Part II., Vol. XV. Part I.—THE GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL.

Indian Museum, Minutes of the Trustees, April 1870, to March 1871.— THE GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL.

Report on the Administration of the Income Tax in the Lower Pro- vinces, 1869-70.—THE GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL.

Report on the Administration of the Registration Department of Bengal, 1870-71, by H. Beverley, Esq.—THE GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL.

Annual Report on the Insane Asylums in Bengal, 1870, by J. C. Brown, M. D.—THE GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL.

A Narrative of the Drought and Famine which prevailed in the North- - Western Provinces, during the years 1868, 1869, and beginning of 1870, com- piled by F. Henvey, Esq.—THE GovERNMENT, Nortu-WeEst. PROVINCES.

Selections from the Records of Government, North-Western Provinces, Vol. V. No. 2, Vol. VI. No. 1, Second Series—TuEr GOVERNMENT, NortH- West. PROVINCES.

Hachange.

The Atheneum, August, September, October, 1871—Nature, Nos. 93

to 109.

6 Additions to the Library. [ Jan.

Purchase.

The Wheel of the Law illustrative of Buddhism by H. Alabaster.— TIkhwanus Safa, translated by J. Dowson.—A Catena of Buddhist Scrip- tures from the Chinese, by S. Beal—Kusa Jatakaya, a Buddhistie Le- gend, with other stories, by T. Stule-——Maha-Vira-Charita, by J. Pickford, M. A.—The Quarterly Review, No. 262, October 1871.—Edinburgh Review, No. 274, October, 1871.—The Ibis, Vol. I. No. 4.—Comptes Rendus, Nos. 15, 16.—Revue des Deux Mondes, 15th October, Ist November, 1871.—The L. E. D. Philosophie Magazine, No. 281, November, 1871.—Revue Archeo- logique, October, 1871.—Revue Linguistique, Tome Quatriéme, 2e Fase.— Exotic Butterflies, by W. C. Hewitson, Pt. 80, 1871.—Conchologia Iconica, by L. Reeves, Pts. 288, 289.—The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, No. 47, 1871.

eee 8 0 eee

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL,

fOR_FEBRUARY, 1872.

The Annual Meeting of the Society was held on Wednesday, the 2nd of February, 1872, at 9 o’clock P. M.

The Hon’ble J. B. Phear, President, in the chair.

According to the bye-laws of the Society, the President ordered voting papers to be distributed for the election of Officers and Members of Council for 1872, and appointed Messrs. E. Gay and H. Blanford scrutineers.

While the eleetions were being made, the President called upon the Secretary to read the Annual Report.

PNNUAL JREPORT FOR_ 1871.

In presenting the Annual Report for 1871, the Council have again the satisfaction of congratulating the Society on its continued prosperity and usefulness, as indicated by the accession of new members, and the number and value of its publications in the Journal and the Bibliotheca Indica.

At the close of last year, the number of Ordinary Members was 446, of which 286 were paying members, 160 being absent in Europe. Of the 286 paying members, there were 112 Resident and 174 Non-resident members.

The number of Ordinary Members elected in 1871 was 57, whilst the Society sustained a loss of 25 members, viz., 2 by death, and 17 by resigna- tion and departure for Europe ; 5 were removed from the list of members for non-compliance with the bye-laws, and 1 election was cancelled.

The number of paying members for last year was greater by 20, and the number of elections greater by 29, than in 1870. The following table exhi- bits the number of paying and absent members for the last 10 years.

§ Annual Report. [F rs.

Year. Paying Members. Absent, do. Total. Resident. Non-resident. 1862 229 (104, 125) 82 311 1863 276 (130, 146) 79 355 1864 228 (183, 195) 92 320 1865 267 (186, 131) 109 376 1866 293 (124, 169) 94 387 1867 307 (154, 153) 109 416 1868 294 (159, 135) 133 427 1869 304 (162, 142) 138 442 1870 266 (134, 132) 148 4.14: 1871 286 (112, 174) 160 446

There was one election of an Honorary Member, Mr. C. Darwin having been elected in June last. There was no change in the list of Associate Members.

The Council regret to announce the death of two of their most distin- guished Ordinary Members, the Hon’ble J. P. Norman, and the Venerable Archdeacon J. H. Pratt, the latter of whom had been a member since 1839. The Society also lost two of its Honorary Members, Sir J. F. W. Herschel, F..8.S., and Col. Sr Fo Y, Cautley, K. CU: BPR. &.

Museum.

The Council have continued to carry out the provisions of Act XVII of 1866, and have transferred all Natural Historical and Archeological dona- tions received by them during 1871 to the Trustees of the Indian Museum. A list of these donations will be found in the Appendix to the Proceedings for 1871.

Trustees, on the part of the Society, were, during last year, the President, Mr. W.S. Atkinson, Mr. H. F. Blanford, and Dr. F. Stoliczka.

The Council have much pleasure in observing the present progress of the new Museum building.

The want of sufficient accommodation for the increasing library and publications of the Society, the absence of a reading room, and the crowded state of the Society’s Meeting Hall, have for the last six years been felt to be serious obstacles to the usefulness of the Society and the convenience of its members. The Government, however, found means to set aside in last year’s budget a most liberal sum for the immediate completion of the new building, and the Council with every satisfaction look forward towards the speedy removal of the temporary inconvenience to which the Society is at present subject. This, however, is still so great, and the loss to the Society so considera- ble, that the Council have felt it their duty, in the interests of the Society, to apply to Government for a grant of money at the rate of Rs. 400 a month

as

1872. | Annual Report. | 9

(the value at which the house is at present assessed) for the time which may elapse till the completion of the new building. The matter is still under consideration with the Supreme Government, and the Council have reason to hope that the application may be successful.

- Finance.

The contributions of members in subscriptions and entrance fees for 1871 amount to Rs. 8,516,7-0, against Rs. 9,676-10, in 1870. There has been a considerable falling off in the regularity of payments, the amount due from members to the end of last year being Rs. 5,300.

Though three-fifths of this sum will, it is hoped, be in a short time collected, the Council would take this opportunity to urge on the members the necessity of punctuality in payments. As the Society entirely depends on the voluntary contributions of its members, it is of the greatest impor- tance that these contributions should be promptly available.

The following table exhibits an abstract of the accounts for 1871.

AcTUAL INCOME DURING 1871.

Su bseripiiomns 4: sn: Se sacl exilek Ap odes 3a sel Rs. 7,044 7 O A. GWOISRIOM, FEOS oh eh ect danciwnaiek amasid indo od Sak Yor 1472 0 O IE Aa MONS, 504.0 Teg ot ae «A ee dae een L729 68, 138 Bsa yal 98 8B oe Sacer Mtn ean n onan sed a7 l)7 Be Reeetarys OMe Sor eee eee 32 7 10 ephedra dios 9s. cai bas Boeenvabcki 108 14 O SIREN Pee ce | OSU Ct Be Oa A= aD MED eS Seed See 709 10 6

Rs. 11,468 2 10 Col. Dalton’s Ethnology of Bengal, ...... Rs. 10,000 O O Conservation of Sanskrit MSS., .................. 3,144 1 O dd SAS TLS aes ae A OE a 656 3 6 In the Bank ef Bengal, 1870). 2.28 ics s ot cees 5405 “LO

Total Rise... 2 30,671 3. 4&

EXPENDITURE DURING 1871.

Binh wea Glows eden oh he: oi dna bac dbae cea kia Rss>.0,2/oy14e dD Se tg ey, PRI ssa: Na Guten eee ss 2,040 14 9 Becketaby seOmeds) ieeraiaee tapi Peete es Sid a 2,918 10), 2 Westeus endl 82-2808 nse hes odes cewek sane O 4 4 aun ers tiger Gd, a ata dee wed See tot cL Spas SY age 3 ee

Oo

Carried forward, Rs. 11,610 15

10 Annual Report. [FEs.

Brought forward, Rs. 11,610 15 3

Col. Dalton’s Ethnology of Bengal, ............... 7,500 O : Conservation of Sanserut: MSSicies webs. eee ae ZORA dedh

(Q, He Waa ones sso Sete: coh. Dae inti A :

Misecllanemis,. favo eee thes dob eros 622 2 9

29,019 13 7

Insthe Banke of Benoa, |. 7. dices nanceqeSeautes es 8,434 12 6

PST TREN cS Rea eet: ORS SG See AOMIUE Ae hs er AE 216 14 3

‘Potal, Rs... .-... 30,671 8 4

From this statement it will be seen that the balance in the Bank of Ben- gal and the cash in hand amounted, in the end of 1871, to Rs. 8,651-10-9. To this is to be added Rs. 2000, held by the Society in Government Securi- ties, making a grand total of Rs. 10,651-10-9. Subtracting from this sum Rs. 2500 on account of Col. Dalton’s Ethnology; Rs. 898, the balance of the sum received from Dr. J. Muir; and Rs. 2849, the balance of the sum received from the Government of India on account of cataloguing Sanscrit MSS., 7. e., alto- gether Rs. 6247, held by the Society in trust, a sum of Rs. 4,404-10-9 will be left as the clear credit of the Society at the end of 1871.

The expenditure for 1871 has been kept within the estimate, but has ex- ceeded the estimated Income by Rs. 878-8-10, as will be seen from the following table—

INCOME. EXPENDITURE. Estimate. Actual. Estimate. Actual.

Subscriptions, .....sce08.. | 8,500 0 0] 7,044 7 O i 0 0 0 Admission. fe@8,... 5. seceeesti ss 900. 0.0} 1,472 0 0 0 0 0 0 Os Publications,j2.:cfssehe.001>---..| 1,500 0 QO} 1,729 8 3 5,000), O10 q5.273 1416 WuibPaTny, Aca 0c-s aasgegeeteeees. 600 0 O 371 3] 2,600 O O| 2,540 14 9 Coin Fund,. ples ae ERE >:0.. 0 0 O50 100 O O 0 0 0 Secretary’s Office, . ase: 0. 2-0 32 710] 2,800 0 0 2,918 10 2 Miscellamepus, cainse.<csacs----| 2,000 0.0) FOS 10 G6) 1,000 0 @ “G22-s2ige “Buildinae spec suas sy ttae en enee ie: OMG 0 0.0 (O)} 120007 507 0 877 3 32

12,500 O 0/11,359 4 10//12,500 0 0)12,23213 8

The following is the estimated income and expenditure of the Society for 1872. EstrmatTep INCOME. Subscetpuiamey eS eee Se Rs. 8,500 0 O Admissia tices. 7:50: See et een ee 1,000 0 O

Carried forward, Rs. 9,500 O O

1872. | Annual Report. Ef

Brought forward, Rs. 9,500 O O Phbhestionsy. ccd. Adages. SAR 1,500 0 O Evordiys, Ling. iaed des ei. 2 ABs. (eae 250 0 O Sudvbed sy ha sete cat SSseesdooliggiey cA. 800 0 O Coin Fund, Secretary’s Office, Building, ... 0 0 0

MOU Fees sauce 12,050 0 O.

EstIMATED EXPENDITURE.

DNC ONS sek to a cog iba Neale Rs. 5,000 O O 1 |e wae Sie RARUE St eae any emer im 2, LO. 0 10 CRG UA I ie OCS. 1 Senn ay sy ya de goes ish 3,000 0 O SMMOUNES SS atic Tacit s.ncorruvmet Se sake: garalecs 800, 0 O j OUUENG TiTCes Nie es SAR RAE ARE a et rea are ae Re 1,000 0 O COTTAM 18 0 Fanaa eR 5. «LS. A pe RA 100 O O Subscriptions, Admission fees, ............... 0 00

Total Rs.,......12,050 O O

Library.

The Library received, in 1871, an addition of 837 volumes or parts of volumes. A considerable number are due to the liberality of the Government of India, the Governments of the several provinces, authors of works, and the following members of the Society—Messrs. J. Wood-Mason, J. 'T. Wheeler, G. Latham, A. M. Broadley, H. Blochmann, H. F. Blanford; Drs. G. W. Leitner, J. H. T. Aitchison, J. Anderson; Rev. J. Long, Rev. C. H. Dall, Prof. Weber ; Babus Rajendralala Mitra, Pratapachandra Ghosha, Dhanpati Singh Rai Bahadur, Thakur Giri Prasad ; and the late Venerable Archdeacon Pratt.

Other books were obtained by purchase on the recommendation of the Library Committee, or in exchange for the publications of the Society. Detailed lists of the additions have been published in the Monthly Pro- ceedings.

The collection of MSS. of the Society have also received valuable additions. There were 110 Sanskrit and 8 Persian MSS. purchased or copied. A separate list of the former is about to be issued. The old MSS. of the Society have again been revised, and such MSS. as were wholly or partly damaged, from the corrosive effects of bad ink used in their transcrip- tion, have been replaced by new copies.

The Catalogue of the Sanscrit MSS. mentioned in last year’s report has made considerable progress.

The Photographic Album of the Society has received several excellent additions from the Government of India, especially the large set of photo- graphs of Bihar antiquities detailed in December’s Proceedings.

12 Annual Report. [ Fes.

The inadequate space now available for the library, has during last year also prevented the new Library Catalogue from bemg completed. The Council regret the continuance of this evil, and will endeavour, on the removal of the Natural History collections, to place at an early opportunity a revised edition of the Catalogue in the hands of the members.

Coin Cabinet.

There have been several additions of minor importance to the Society’s collection of coins. No expenditure was incurred in buying coins, the addi- tion being entirely donations from members, viz., 8 Nepal coins from Rev. C. H. Dall; 2 silver and 6 copper coins dug up at Kanauj from M. L. Ferrar, Esq., C. S8.; a large round gold coin from Colonel T. C. Hamilton ; 5 silver coins from Dr. Newman.

Journal.

There were issued, in 1871, twelve numbers of the Society’s Proceedings, 342 pages, with four plates, giving an excellent summary of the labours of the Society. The Meteorological Observations, which were formerly issued quarterly with the fasciculi of Part II. of the Journal, have been transferred to the Proceedings ; 98 pages were issued during last year.

Of Part I of the Journal two numbers have appeared, the third with several plates and index is about to be issued. The three numbers will contain nearly 300 pages. Of Part II, four numbers with index have been issued, the whole containing 489 pages and 28 plates. The numbers of the second part were issued quarterly. Contributions to Part I are, from the nature of the subject matter, less easily obtainable, and the issue of the numbers cannot always be satisfactorily regulated.

The Council are confident that, in point of interest and variety of subjects, the volume for 1871, extending as it does over 1,200 pages, will take its place among the best issued by the Society. The plates have greatly improved. The value of the contributions, issued as they are in two dis- tinct volumes, is best attested by the numerous applications for extra num- bers, the sale of which during 1871 amounted to Rs. 1,730.

The Council have also resolved to issue the next volume in a slightly ' enlarged form, and have made arrangements with the printers for a new fount of types, which it is hoped will meet the wishes of the members.

Bibliotheca Indica.

The series was first started in 1848, and from that date to the close of the last year no less than 472 fasciculi, comprising portions of 86 oriental works of great importance, have been published. The original scheme contemplated the publication of texts accompanied with English translations, under the superintendence of a single editor. This was, however, found impracticable, as the restrictions operated unfavourably, and translations could

1872. | Annual Report. 13

not be got up with sufficient rapidity. It was felt also that in many cases years must be spent before a perfectly satisfactory translation could be finished Accordingly in 1851, it-was resolved, that whilst it was of the highest importance that translations should be made in India, it was not expedient to limit the publication of volumes in the Bibliotheca Indica to works which the editor may be prepared at once to translate.” The principle of getting works of various kinds printed under the editorship of one person, was likewise abandoned ; and oriental scholars, both in and out of India, were invited to contribute to the series. These changes were attended by the most satisfactory results. The invitation of the Society was readily respond- ed to, and several gentlemen of distinguished oriental acquirements under- took to edit works to which they had paid particular attention, and were especially fitted to do them justice.

Of the 86 works which have been undertaken from time to time, 61 are Sanskrit, 10 Arabic, 14 Persian, and 1 Pali; eighteen of these being trans- lations into English. Sixty-four of these have already been completed ; and twenty-two are in progress. ‘They have been selected, in most instances, at the recommendation of distinguished European orientalists, such as Pro- fessors Max Miller, Weber, Kuhn, and others ; and careful attention has been paid in every instance to secure old and the most approved MSS. for colla- tion, so as to render the publications of the Society in every way worthy of the patronage of the Government under which they are issued, and indis- pensable appendages to every oriental library of any pretension.

That the works have been, generally speaking, carefully edited, the Council have every reason to be satisfied ; the names of the editors employed, it is be- heved, will afford ample guarantee on that point. Among them the Council have great pleasure in noticing particularly those of the late Drs. Roer and Bal- lantyne, Professor Von Kremer of Alexandria, Drs. Sprenger and Hall, Professor Cowell, Col. Lees, Mr. Blochmann, Professor Mahes’achandra Nydyaratna, and Babu Rajendralila Mitra, as the services they have rendered to the series, entitle them to the most cordial acknowledgments of the Society.

The late Hon’ble Court of Directors, when sanctioning the oriental grant, drew the attention of the Society particularly to the Vedas, as they constitute the most ancient religious records of the Hindus ; and the Council are glad to notice that of the different works that have been published, or are now in course of publication, twenty-two are portions of those scriptures. When the series was first started, the Sanhita of the Rig Veda was selected as the oldest and most important among them ; but after the publication of four fasciculi, information was received that Drs. Wilson and Max Miiller were en- gaged in bringing out a complete edition of that work, together with a trans- lation, under the auspices of the Court of Directors, and it became necessary to discontinue the Calcutta edition. The Black Yajur Veda was, thereupon,

14 Annual Report. » [Fus.

selected, and no less than fifty-eight fasciculi of it have already been pub- lished.

The Sahhita portion of that work was undertaken by Dr. Roer, but, owing to his departure from India on the completion of the first volume, it had to be made over to Professor Cowell, who completed the second volume. The third has just been brought to a conclusion by Professor Mahes ‘achandra Nyayaratna.. The Council have every reason to be satisfied that the work is being carried on with great care and diligence.

The Brahmana portion of the work, including the Aranyaka, was made over to Babu Rajendraléla Mitra ; and he has already published 34 fasciculi, and two more will, it is expected, complete his labours. The work comprises the most ancient liturgy of the Hindus, and is in importance second to none in the whole range of Sanskrit literature.

Of the third, or the Sima Veda, the text and translation of the Archika had been published in Kurope, and the Society therefore selected the Zundya Brahmana, which is the largest and most comprehensive of the Brahmanas of that Veda. Sixteen fasciculi of this work have been issued, and only four remain to complete it. A complete edition of the Safhitas with the com- mentary of Sayana and the musical notes of the text, has likewise been undertaken, and the three fasciculi which have been issued reflect much eredit on the learned editor, Pandit Satyavrata Samas ‘rami.

The Sathita of the fourth Veda having been published in Europe, the Society, in 1869, took in hand, at the suggestion of Professor Kuhn and Mr. Whitley Stokes, the only Brahmana extant of that Veda.* Although no commentary was accessible, the editor, Pandit Harachandra Vidyabhu- shana, had several old and excellent MSS., and it was expected that, with their aid and his own thorough knowledge of the subject, he would be able to do full justice to the work. Unfortunately his death, which took place immediately after the publication of the first fasciculus, for a time put a stop to the progress of this publication ; but its printing has lately been resumed under the editorship of Babu Rajendralala Mitra.

Of the Upanishads, or the theological portions of the Vedas, fifteen of the most important treatises have already been published. English translations of * ten of them by Dr. Roer, of two others by Professor Cowell, and of another by Babu Rajendralala Mitra, have likewise been issued ; and the Council have the pleasure to announce that most of the works are already out of print.

Next to the Vedas, the Vedafgas, or the sciences subsidiary to them, claim the greatest attention. These include phonology, grammar, prosody, glossary, rituals, and astronomy; the most important being the rituals or Sutras. They form a sort of exegesis of the rituals of the Vedas, and it is impossible to understand the purport of the Vedic mantras, and the most

* Gopatha Brahmana.

.

1872.] ° Annual Report. 15

ancient laws, customs and domestic rites of the Hindus without a careful study of those works ; and the attention of the Philological Committee was, therefore, early directed to collect materials for their publication. The dif- ficulty of obtaining old and correct MSS., has, however, prevented them from undertaking more than four works* of that class, two of which have been completed.

On the Vedic Prosody the leading work is the Chhandas Sitra of Pingala ; and of this, one fasciculus has lately been published, and the con- cluding portion is in a forward state.

Each Veda has its own separate system of phonology, or Pratisakhya, and the Society, in 1854, resolved to print the- treatise of that class which bore upon the Black Yajur Veda. The task was confided to Babu Rajendra- lala Mitra who had undertaken to edit the Brahmana of that Veda; but the Brahmana itself having completely engrossed his leisure for many years, it could not be taken in hand until two years ago, when Mr, Whitney had published the first ten chapters of the work together with an English translation, in the Journal of the American Oriental Society. The bulk of that edition, how- ever, being printed in the Roman character and its being otherwise imperfect, as the examples are generally omitted, or mutilated, the necessity for a com- plete edition in the Devanagari character was not superseded, and the Council, therefore, did not think it proper to put a stop to the Society’s edition. To the whole body of Indian readers, a large and daily increasing class, romanised editions of Sanskrit works are useless, and it is believed that the Society’s edition will be most welcome to many to whom the American edition will never be accessible.

Of the six leading philosophical schools of the Hindus, the original text books of five have been published. The Sdikhya is represented by the Aphorisms of Kapila with an English translation, published by the late Dr. Ballantyne ; the Vedanta, by a compiete edition of the Stittras of Vydésa with the commentry of S/afkara and the gloss of Anandagiri; the Nydya, by the Aphorisms of Gotama with the commentary of Vatsayana; the Vais’eshika, by the Aphorisms of Kanada with the commentary of 8 ‘afikara Mis’ra; and the Mimansa, by the Aphorisms of Jaimani with the commentary of S/avara Svami. The text of the sixth school, the Yoga, has been</